Farmers Mobilization in Response to Climate Changes

Get Rich by Being Friendly to the Environment
Sustainable Development of Fishery Resources
Conserving Forests to Absorb Carbon Emissions
Strive for Safety Food Production and Maintain Food Security for Domestic Requirement
How Much Does Global Warming Affect Agriculture?
Farmers Mobilization in Response to Climate Changes

Conserving Forests to Absorb Carbon Emissions

Date:2010-09-07

Forest to carbon dioxide sequestration to mitigate global warming, both regulate the temperature, water conservation function.As conserving energy and reducing carbon emissions have become a trend, various agricultural sectors, except forestry, are trying their best to save energy and water resources, with an aim to decrease emissions of greenhouse gases. That’s because forests absorb carbon dioxide emissions produced by all the other industries and release oxygen into the ecosystem, providing human beings with a way out of crisis.

Forests cover 3.952 billion hectares of the Earth’s surface, or 30% of the total land area. But according to the 2007 United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) report, forests decreased some 12.9 million hectares annually between 2000 and 2005. Forests have been turned by people into farmland and developed into cities, leading to the disappearance of 160 million hectares of forests in 40 years. Human beings are cutting off Nature’s lungs piece by piece.

Forests can alleviate global warming and have the function of adjusting temperatures and conserving water resources by absorbing carbon dioxide emissions. Trees will stabilize free carbon and nitrogen continuously and without forests radiation on the Earth ’ s surface will be higher, making the greenhouse effect worse. Naked soil will be washed away in extreme weathers and forests will become more fragile with its function of reducing carbon emissions being weakened. And more species of animals and plants are in danger of extinction as the ecosystem is further damaged.

In the Policy Conference on Adjusting Agriculture in Response to Climate Changes, Prof. Chen Chao-tsun of National Pingtung University of Science and Technology explained the impact of climate changes on Taiwan’s forests and hillsides. According to forecasts for the next 100 years, rising temperatures will drive animals and plants at low sea levels to higher grounds, thus threatening the existence of living organisms there.

According to TaibNET statistics, among the 15,218 known native species of organisms in Taiwan, 184 species of animals and plants listed as the protected species in the Wildlife Conservation Act and five rare plants listed in the Cultural Heritage Conservation Law may become extinct under the impact of climate changes.

Therefore, in order to prevent the extinction of organisms it is important to protect and rehabilitate habitats and preserve biodiversity. While strengthening the health of forests and reducing their vulnerability and planning control measures to relieve the ecosystems of interfering pressures, actions must be taken to protect against the invasion by alien species. Government agencies have to establish effective index, conduct long-term forest monitoring, collect and sort out information regarding the impact of climate changes on the ecological environment, set up situation models for climate impacts and evaluate the risks and vulnerability, so that appropriate adjustment strategies can be formulated.

As to the already deteriorated ecosystems such as polluted farmland, fish farms, saline soil, landslides and land subsidence, we must also try to rehabilitate and save them.

Without the forest will not only increase the surface radiation, greenhouse effect will become even more intense.

In addition to conserving forest ecosystems, the forestry agencies have preserved quality genetic resources, improved seedling management techniques, established a databank of anti-stress trees and promoted eco-friendly lumber production, reforestation and proper harvesting operations polveres.

In the face of decreased lumber export due to the conservation policy implemented by the international community and forest certification being gradually introduced in the international lumber market, there will be a shortage of raw materials for Taiwan’s lumker processing industry. The experts said the local industry should gradually raise the lumber self-sufficiency rate, and the government should help the wood and bamboo industry set up production and marketing cooperatives, promoting quality green consumption by integrating the chain of supply for forest product materials as well as developing and producing eco-friendly products with local features. Thus, wood and bamboo businesses should begin striving to increase energy efficiency of their production techniques and facilities, and enhance their competitiveness in the world market by manufacturing eco-friendly processed wood and bamboo products in line with international forest certification and domestic green building material.

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