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Originally growing in the East Indies in the tropical zone of Asia, bitter gourds were widely planted in Japan, India and Southeast Asia, and their seeds were brought in Mainland China in the 16th century. Though we cannot find any written record relating when and how they were imported to Taiwan, Taiwan is renowned for its outstanding techniques in improving their strain. Today, Taiwan’s bitter gourds are supplied in three strains: white bitter gourds, green bitter gourds, and wild bitter gourds.
Bitter gourds grow into different shapes, such as long spindle, short spindle, long Rugby ball, and olive. The edible part is the fruit whose pulp contains abundant Momordicine, Vitamin B & C, and extract of bitter melon. Though they taste very bitter, they are efficacious in detoxifying, reducing heat and keeping eyes sharp.
◆Production Season : Bountiful in May-October.