Grape is one of world’s five major fruits, which accounts for one quarter of total fruits productions. Taiwan’s grape was imported from China 300 years ago. In 1961, the Jufong variety was imported and introduced to Taiwan. With the assistance of special production processes, it has become Taiwan’s most prized and highly economic effective fruit.
Grapes originally grew in the low latitudes of Asia and became a popular fruit crops shortly after their introduction to Taiwan. Following Taiwan's recovery from Japanese occupation, agricultural administrations and farmers continued to improve production techniques to the point where grapes eventually became one of Taiwan's major agricultural exports.
Currently, there are over tens of thousands of varieties around the world: European, American, and Mixed. European grapes originated from Western Asia; whereas American grape was grown in North Eastern America; Taiwan breed consists mostly of hybrids. Breeds such as Jufong, Honey red, and Italian are commonly found in Taiwan.
Grapes contain high concentrations of glucose, fructose, lemon acid, malic acid, etc. There are varieties of planting methods in Taiwan cottage and grafts are the most popular. Grapes are found largely in Changhua, Taichung, Nantou, and Miaoli counties. Out of all breeds, Jufong grape has the largest production and is most unique in flavor compared to other grapes. Recently, Taiwan has developed Honey Red Grape that is full in body, scent, and is delicious in taste and is regarded as a high level fruit.